What is Verb and its Types Explained with Examples
In this post students learn what is verb and its types with detail examples, which may help them solving error detection MCQs for various job test. Before going further students should learn what are parts of speech, noun and pronoun explained previously on this website for more clearance.
What is Verb
The action words in a sentence that explain what the subject is doing are known as Verbs. verbs are the main part of a sentence. Complete thoughts cannot be properly conveyed without a verbs. A verbs may express different actions such as:
- a physical action such (run)
- a mental action (think)
- a state of being (exist).
Physical Actions Verbs
Example: She plays footbal.
Explanation: the word “play” is a verb. It expresses the physical activity “to play.”
Example: The engineer build the Plaza.
Explanation: the word “build” is a verb. It expresses the physical activity “to build.”
Mental Actions Verbs
Example: She considers the interview successful.
Explanation: The word “considers” is a verbb. It expresses the mental activity “to consider.”
Example: Angelina rewarded the Oscar Award.
Explanation: The word “rewarded” is a verbb. It expresses the mental activity “to reward.”
Verbs Expressing a State of Being
Verbs that do not express any activity at all. The most important verbs in this group (arguably of all) is the verb “to be.”
What are Types of Verb
There are different types of verbs, listed below:
- Action Verbs
- Stative Verbs
- Transitive Verbs
- Intransitive Verbs
- Auxiliary Verbs
- Model Verbs
- Phrasal Verbs
- Regular & Irregular Verbs
An action verbs refers to an activity that a person or thing can do. For example.
Example: John drinks coffee.
Explanation: “Drinking” is something John can do.
Example: The Amaar wedded the Sumbal in the Shehnai Banquet.
Explanation: “Wedded” is something the Amaar can do.
Compare above actionable verb with below verb examples.
Example: John likes Angelina.
Explanation: “To like” is not an activity. (It’s a state.)
Example: The bear is hungry.
Explanation: “To be” is not an activity. (It’s a state.)
Stative verbs refers to a state rather than an action. A stative verb typically relates to a state of being exist, a thought and an emotion. For example:
- Yasir is at home.
- She believes in factious stories.
- She feels
Transitive verbs means acts on something and it has a direct object. For example:
Example: Don saw the dog.
Explanation: Here, the direct object is “the dog.”
Example: Brat cut the cake.
Explanation: Here, the direct object is “cake.”
An intransitive verbs that does not act on something and there is no direct object. For example:
- My throat swelled.
- The children coughed.
Auxiliary verbs are helping verb associate with main verbs to help. Such as, has, am, are, is, etc
Example: Alexander has bitten all the cats.
Explanation: the auxiliary verb “has” helps to express tense.
Example: The dinner has been made.
Explanation: the auxiliary verbs “has been” help to express voice (this case, the passive voice)
Modal verbs are used to express ideas viz. ability, possibility, permission, and obligation etc. The modal auxiliary verbs are listed below:
- ought to
Example: Dragon can eat a lot of dinosaurs.
Explanation: the modal verb “can” helps to express the idea of ability.
Example: Lee might eat that pie before he gets home.
Explanation: Here, the modal verb “might” helps to express the idea of possibility.
A verb made up of more than one word is known as phrasal verbs. A phrasal comprises of a main verb and another word either a preposition or a particle. For Example:
Example: A robber will frequently break a window glass to break in.
Explanation: Here, the phrasal verb “break in” means “to enter illegally,” which is different to “break.”
Regular and Irregular Verb
A regular verbs are those verbs that change into its simple past tense and its past participle by adding suffix -ed or -d to the verbs. (Note: There are some complications and some rules in spelling to form regular and irregular verbs.)
[…] adverb is used to alter, modify and qualify words containing an adjective, a verb, a clause, another adverb, or any other type of word or phrase, with the exception of determiners […]