What is Pronoun and its Types
Dear Students in this post you learn about pronoun and types of pronoun. It has explained in details. Before studying this lecture students should study what is noun and types of noun.
Definition of Pronoun
A pronoun is a word that replaces anything functioning as a noun. Pronoun can be used as:
- A Noun(a single-word noun).
- A Noun Phrase(a multi-word noun).
- A Noun Clause(a multi-word noun with its own subject and verb).
A Noun: It is a single word noun such as, rabbits, they, them etc. For Example,
Children like to play with balls, and they often steal them from playgrounds.
(Here, the pronouns “they” and “them” replace the single-word nouns “balls.”)
A Noun Phrase: It is a multi-word noun. For Example
The Arctic Skater handles the cold better than most animals on Earth. It does not sense the cold until the temperature falls to 158°F.
(Here, the pronoun “it” replaces the noun phrase “the arctic Skater.”)
A Noun Clause: It is a multi-word noun with its own subject and verb. For Example
We understand why some people dislike donkeys. It is because a donkey word used as abusive word.
(Here, the pronoun “it” replaces the noun clause “why people dislike donkey.”)
Types of Pronoun
There are various types of pronoun, listed below:
- Personal Pronoun
- Relative Pronoun
- Interrogative Pronoun
- Demonstrative Pronoun
- Intensive Pronoun
- Reciprocal Pronoun
Personal pronouns are used in place of nouns referring to specific people or things, for example I, me, mine, you, yours, his, her, hers, we, they, or them. They have been classified into four different categories as per their role in a sentence, as listed below:
- subjective pronouns
- objective pronouns
- possessive pronouns
- reflexive pronouns
Subjective pronoun are used in place of personal pronouns such as, I, you, we, he, she, it, and, because they act as the subjects of verb, such example are given below:
She saw boy.
We ride Bella school.
I smiled at her.
When pronoun is an object in sentence, then objective pronouns is used in a sentence. There are three types of objects:
- Direct Object
- Indirect Object
- Objection of Preposition
The direct object is directly used after the verb.
Such as: They found her last night.
“Her” is the direct object of the verb “found.” “Her” is an objective personal pronoun.
The recipient of the direct object is known as indirect object.
For instance: I sent her a gift.
“Her” is the indirect object of the verb “sent“, i.e., the recipient of “gift,” which is the direct object. “her” is the objective-case version of “he.”
Object of Preposition
The noun or pronoun ruled by a preposition is called object of a preposition. For instance
It is a gift from them.
(“Them” is the object of the preposition “from.” “Them” is the objective-case version of “they.”)
The personal pronouns me, you, us, him, her, it, and them are called objective pronouns because they act as the objects of verbs and prepositions:
- Sohail saw her.
- Bilawal drove us home.
- She smiled at me.
Please keep in mind that the personal pronouns you and it remain unchanged, whether they are being used in the subjective or objective roles.
Possessive pronouns refers relation of something belongs to someone. In other words, something owned by the speaker or something previously mentioned. The following are the possessive pronouns:
The independent form of these pronouns are as follow: mine, ours, yours, his, hers, its, and theirs. Possessive pronouns are never spelled with apostrophes.
Whenever the object and subject of sentences are same then Reflexive pronouns are used.
It is used to specify the subject is doing something itself. Instead of acting upon another object, the subject is acting upon itself.
It is also helpful in using the third-person plural. Consider the following two sentences:
- They laughed them.
- They laughed themselves.
Reflex pronoun may be direct or indirect object, to show independent action.
- We have been planning ourselves for trip.
- I bought myself a new iPhone.
- We will give ourselves a Halloween
- I went to the series by myself.
- The boys cleaned up their rooms by themselves.
Adding Emphasis in Reflexive Pronoun
You may also add emphasize in a reflexive pronoun where it’s unusual.
He likes to cover his syllabus so that he can attempt himself exam.
He broke her leg, so she couldn’t wash himself very easily.
You may also add emphasize in a reflexive pronoun together with the noun it refers to in order to emphasize it.
We spoke to the Managing Director herself, and she granted our earned leaves.
Relative pronouns connect one clause to another clause. It denote precedent noun, whether they are people, places, things, animals, or ideas. It join two sentences. The relative pronouns are who, whom, that, and which.
The compounds whoever, whomever, and whichever are also commonly used relative pronouns.
Relative clauses are typically introduced by relative pronouns, and that the relative pronoun can function as a possessive pronoun, an object, or a subject.
When relative pronouns introduce restrictive relative clauses, no comma is used to separate the restrictive clause from the main clause.
In American English, the relative pronoun whom is used rarely. You may notice this in conversations, but it is best to use the term when writing to ensure that your work is grammatically correct.
Demonstrative pronouns point to and identify a noun such as for name Amar, used as his, or for a pronoun, such as She, used as her. It is noteworthy that this and these denote to things that are nearby in environment, whereas, that and those denote to things that are far away in environment. For instances:
- “This is the uniform I will wear; that is the one I wore the day before yesterday.”
- “That is big lie.”
- “Kindly pray for those.”
- Near in time or distance: this, these
- Far in time or distance: that, those
An interrogative pronoun is for queries such asking a question. There are just five interrogatives
pronouns. Each one question may be specific or indirect question. Such as “who” and “whom,” refer only to people.
Others can be used to refer to objects or people. Once you are familiar with interrogative pronouns, you will find that it’s very easy to use them in a variety of situations.
Relative pronouns are also used as an Interrogative pronoun, which may be found in specific questions or indirect questions.
There are also five interrogative pronouns such as what, which, who, whom, and whose.
What – Used to ask questions about people or objects.
Intensive pronouns are functioned to put emphasis on their antecedent. They are identical in form to reflexive pronouns. For example:
- “I myself speak fluently.”
- “You yourself should learn pronouns.”
Intensive pronouns are also known as emphatic pronouns.
A reciprocal pronoun point out two or more people carrying an action, with both receiving the benefits or consequences of that action simultaneously. Reciprocal pronouns are used when something is do or given in return.
There are two types of reciprocal pronouns. They are especially useful when you need to express the same general idea more than once. It helps avoid repetition within sentences.
- Each other
- One another
When someone want to refer to two people, will normally use “each other.”
When referring to more than two people, for example the students in a lecture hall, will normally use “one another.”
Dear Students Explorer
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