Types of Adjective and their Uses in Sentences
Before going advance, students must know about basic meaning of adjective and its formation and later go further for types of adjective. If you have not studied previous topic on basic meaning of adjective must read it before.
Types of Adjective
Following is the list of different types of adjective:
- Demonstrative Adjectives
- Possessive Adjectives
- Proper Adjectives
- Participle Adjectives
- Predicate Adjectives
- Compound Adjectives
- Comparative and Superlative Adjectives
Demonstrative adjectives indicate a particular noun or pronoun in a sentence. The demonstrative adjective is useful when two or more people or things are being referenced, and the author wants to pin down which person or thing is meant. Following are examples of the use of demonstrative adjectives:
- This dog bit my finger, but that dog licked my hands.
- These costumes have been cleaned, those costumes are yet dirty.
When an adjective is used to define a noun representing something owned, the adjective followed are called the possessive noun or pronoun:
- My sister’s golden bracelet.
- the girls’ silver dress.
- her boyfriend’s warm hug.
Possessive determiner also known as the possessive adjective which is used to specify ownership, or it may have a close relationship. Possessive adjectives are whose, my, your, our, its, her, his, their.
Remember, possessive adjectives is different from possessive pronouns because possessive adjective modifies a noun and a possessive pronoun is used in the place of a noun.
Predicate Adjective Type
A predicate adjective used with a linking verb, functions as the predicate of a sentence. The underlined words in the below examples are predicate adjectives.
- The dogs were uninspired. ( were= linking verb & uninspired is predicate adjective)
- The bike was turbo. ( was = linking verb & turbo is predicate adjective)
- The washroom is very clean. ( is = linking verb & very clean is predicate adjective)
Comparative and Superlative Degree of Adjective Types
There are three degrees of adjective:
- Positive adjectives
- Comparative Adjective
- Superlative Adjective
Positive Types of Adjective
It express a quality of an object in sentence without comparing it to anything.
Comparative Types of Adjective
(e.g., richer): It compare two things or groups of things.
(e.g., richest): It compare more than two thing or object qualities.
Forming Comparatives and Superlatives
For comparing two things, the -est suffix is never appropriate, though this rule is often broken in informal speech and writing.
To create a comparative or superlative adjective out of a single-syllable adjective ending in a single vowel followed by a single consonant, double the vowel and add the suffix—e.g., slow, slower.
Adjectives of three or more syllables use more and most instead of -er and -est—e.g., Prettier, more prettier, most prettier.
Irregular Comparative and Superlative Adjective
Some of adjectives have irregular comparative and superlative forms. Following are the examples:
- bad, worse, worst
- far, farther/further, farthest/furthest
- good, better, best
- old (referring to people), elder, eldest
A participial adjective is a past participle means adding suffix in the end of the word –ed and in present participle add suffix -ing.
Participial adjectives also modify the noun similar to previous. Following are the examples of participle adjectives:
- a thundering light
- the rolling waves
- the stopped airplane
Proper Types of Adjective
A proper adjective results from a proper noun. They start with capital letters—for example:
- American embassy
- Italian Shoes
- Indian Girls
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[…] with the modifier. Prepositional phrases are exceptionally normal. They work as either modifiers (Adjective) or qualifiers (Adverb). For instance (prepositional Phrases […]