Operative Functions of Human Resource Management - Students Explore

Operative Functions of Human Resource Management

What are the Operative Functions of HRM in an Organization

The Operative Functions of Human Resource Management are as follows:


Recruitment and Selection 

Recruitment of candidates is the function before the selection, which brings the group of potential candidates for the organization so that the management can select the right candidate from this group.

As per the study of the Allegis Group, the growing challenge for organizations is to attracting and retaining talent.


Job Analysis and Design

This function of Job analysis includes the process of describing the nature of a job and specifying the qualification, skills, and work experience for a specific job within an organization. Job design is a crucial function that aims at outlining and combining tasks, duties, and responsibilities into a single unit of work for the accomplishment of certain objectives.


Performance Appraisal

This function is used for checking and analyzing employee performances to ensure that the performance of employees is at an acceptable level. It is another important function that HRM performs

As per the study of Deloitte’s Global Human Capital Trends, redesigning of the performance management systems and practices is being rated by 79% of executives in order to incorporation feedback, goal setting, communication with employees as a high priority.


Training and Development

This human resource management function enables employees to obtain skills and knowledge to perform their jobs effectively. Training and development programs are organized for both new and existing employees. Employees are set for higher-level tasks and responsibilities through this operative function of HRM.

According to the Association for Talent Development (ATD), 218% higher income per employee in an organization that offers training and development programs than organizations without a training program.


Compensation and Salary Management

This operative function of Human resource management determines what should be paid for different types of jobs. Human resource management decides employee’s compensation which includes –   salary administration, wage administration,  incentives, bonuses, and others, etc.

According to Jobvite, most people (19%) left their jobs for compensation reasons.


Operative Functions of Employee Welfare 

This operative function in HRM refers to various benefits and facilities while job services, that are provided to employees for their well-being in an organization.

As per a study reported by MetLife, 51% of employers say using health and wellness facilities to maintain employee loyalty and retain talent.



Human resources have reflected an asset for the organization. Employee turnover is not considered good for the organization. Human resource management always attempts to keep their finest performing employees with the organization.


Labour Relations as Operative Functions

This operative function refers to human resource management communication with employees denoted by a trade union. Employees form a union to gain more voice in decisions that affecting benefits, wages, and working conditions, etc.


Personnel Research as Operative Functions

In order to find employees’ opinions on promotions, wages, and salaries, welfare activities, working conditions, etc. Personnel researches are to be done by human resource management. Such researches support understanding the satisfaction of employees, employee turnover, etc.


Personnel Record

This function contains recording, maintaining, and recovering employee-related information such as application forms, working hours, employment history, earnings, employee absence and presents, and other data relevant to employees in the organization.

What are the Managerial Functions of HRM in an Organization?


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1 Response

  1. November 18, 2022

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